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The Island of Española, located at the southeastern edge of the Galapagos Archipelago, is among the oldest islands within the archipelago at around 300 million years old. Due to its age and location relative to the hot spot, it is no longer volcanically active. It is about 60 km² of relatively flat topography. Due to its aridity and the lack of fresh water sources, Española is an inhospitable island for human settlements. Nevertheless, it truly is a heaven for sea birds; most of the 12.000 pairs of albatrosses worldwide nest and reproduce here. In addition, its strategic location allows for a high percentage of endemic fauna. Its flora, however, was historically disturbed due to the feral goats, present on the island during the years 1885-1985.

Specific sites where plants have been sown in Española

Sown plants by treatment:
Sown plants by subproject:
Plants sown by substratum:

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